Small but significant, look out for fireweed this season

It is a small plant, but it has a significant impact on our environment.

Fireweed is a small weed with bright yellow flowers that is poisonous to humans and livestock and competes with pasture species.

Once established on a property, it quickly forms dense infestations that generally require a long-term commitment to control.

Environment and Sustainability Committee Chairperson Deputy Mayor Russell Milligan said now was the time to act as fireweed approached peak growth season.

“Regardless of the size of fireweed infestations, property owners should develop a plan to start reducing infestations in future years,” Deputy Mayor Milligan said.

“Fireweed seeds can be viable in the soil for many years after the plant is gone.

“Every flower on a fireweed plant can produce up to 150 seeds, which can mean many years of infestations that increase in size year on year.

“Spending the time to develop a plan for your property can pay dividends in future years.

“Effective property management does not have to be expensive, especially if you can get onto the plants early in the season, before they flower and produce seed.”


Fireweed is a short-lived perennial that has a peak growth period throughout autumn and spring.

Established plants may survive through summer and winter, depending on the season.

Deputy Mayor Milligan said connecting unaware landholders with information about fireweed has never been easier.

“Council has all you need to know about fireweed at,” Deputy Mayor Milligan said.

“If you detect fireweed on your property, you should make a plan and begin reducing the size of the infestation over time.

“Talk to your neighbours and friends about it too, because raising awareness and making a start are the most important steps.”

A permit is available to dispose of your fireweed without incurring a fee at one of council’s Recycling and Refuse Centres.

Council has also produced a video, along with other resources, to raise awareness of the threats posed by this species and to encourage its control.


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